Starting this month, Bolsa Família beneficiaries will be assisted by Auxílio Brasil – the revamped version (and still with some uncertainties) of the social program created in 2003 and terminated this week.
See the differences between Bolsa Família and Auxílio Brasil
Understand below the differences – and the similarities – between the two programs.
Auxílio Brasil will initially serve the same public as Bolsa Família. In October, 14.6 million families received the benefit. The government promises to reach 17 million by the end of the year.
Both benefits are aimed at families in situations of extreme poverty and poverty – in the latter case, only if they have pregnant members or people aged up to 21 years old among their members. The decree that regulated Auxílio Brasil, however, updated the values to fit these situations:
- families in extreme poverty : those with an income per person of up to R$100 per month (previously, the amount was R$89)
- families in poverty : with income per person between R$ 100.01 and R$ 200 (previous maximum value was R$ 178)
The government readjusted the average value of the benefit paid by 17.84%, to R$ 217.18.
- The basic benefit , paid to families in extreme poverty, from R$89 in Bolsa Família, increases to R$100 in Auxílio Brasil
- The variable installments , with a value of BRL 41, rise to BRL 49
- The Variable Benefit Linked to Adolescents goes from R$48 to R$57
The government also promises to pay, in Auxílio Brasil, a supplement to bring the benefit to a minimum of R$ 400. This ‘extra’, however, was for December and depends on the approval of the PEC of the precatório. Even so, it will only be paid until the end of 2022 – from 2023 onwards, if there is no other source of funds, the value returns to the basic benefit.
How to register
Registration for Auxílio Brasil will be done in the same way as Bolsa Família: through the Cadastro Único, operated by city halls and state governments.
Auxílio Brasil will maintain as a ‘ basic nucleus ‘ the same benefits of Bolsa Família:
- Early Childhood Benefit: for families with children up to 3 years old. The benefit must be paid per child in this age group and the limit will be five benefits per family.
- Family Membership Benefit: for families with pregnant women or people aged 3 to 21 years old — currently, Bolsa Família limits the benefit to young people up to 17 years old. The government says the aim is to encourage this additional group to stay in school to complete at least one level of formal schooling. The limit will also be five benefits per family.
- Overcoming Extreme Poverty Benefit : this benefit comes into play when, after computing the previous “lines”, the monthly per capita income of the family is still below the extreme poverty line. In this case, says the government, there will be no limitation related to the number of members of the family nucleus.
Another six benefits will also be paid to the current Bolsa Família basis:
- School Sports Allowance: for students aged between 12 and 17 years old who are notable at the Brazilian School Games and who are already members of the beneficiary families of Brazil Assistance. The aid will be paid in 12 monthly installments to the student and in a single installment to the student’s family, says the Ministry of Citizenship.
- Junior Scientific Initiation Scholarship: for students with good performance in academic and scientific competitions and who are beneficiaries of Auxílio Brasil. The transfer of the amount will be made in 12 monthly installments. There is no maximum number of beneficiaries per household.
- Child Citizen Assistance: according to the Ministry of Citizenship, it will be aimed at the person responsible for a family with a child from zero to 48 months old who can find a source of income but cannot find a place in public or private day care centers in the partner network. The amount will be paid until the child reaches 48 months of life, and the limit per family unit will still be regulated.
- Rural Productive Inclusion Aid: paid for up to 36 months to family farmers registered in the Cadastro Único. In the first year, after a three-month grace period, the payment will be conditional on the donation of food to socially vulnerable families assisted by the education and social assistance network. The municipalities will have to sign an adhesion term with the Ministry of Citizenship.
- Urban Productive Inclusion Aid: whoever is on the Auxílio Brasil program payroll and proves a formal employment relationship will receive the benefit. Receipt is limited to one support per family.
- Transition Compensatory Benefit: for families that were on the Bolsa Família payroll and lost part of the amount received when switching to Auxílio Brasil. It will be granted during the period of implementation of the new program and maintained until the amount received by the family is greater than that of Bolsa Família or until it no longer meets the eligibility criteria.
Auxílio Brasil promises to keep families as beneficiaries for up to 24 months if their income exceeds the threshold for qualifying for the program. At Bolsa Família, this period does not exist.