The so-called “irritable bowel” which is actually irritable bowel syndrome, is a disorder of multiple causes that is characterized by abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating, and diarrhea pictures that often alternate with periods of constipation.
This intestinal transit disorder is increasingly common in our current society. The causes, although they are not precise until today, despite the numerous studies that have been carried out, most of the cases are attributed to the nervous or stress factor and a diet low in fiber and water, high in refined flours and fat and sedentary lifestyle. The most common are patients who in a situation of stress, worry or anxiety begin to feel discomfort and alteration of normal bowel movements, especially with diarrheal episodes or constipation with colic-type pain, bloating and gas.
The fundamental pillars in the treatment of this chronic pathology are the control of stress by psychological therapies, physical activity or relaxation exercises and diet.
As for food, the most important aspects to take into account are:
- Avoid consuming milk cow can be replaced by lactose – free milk or yogurt if tolerated.
- As vegetables, prefer those with pulp, such as zucchini, tomato, carrot, pumpkin, beet, palm hearts, pumpkin, aubergine. Avoid raw leafy vegetables, if it can be included according to the tolerance of each person, in a cooked way.
- As for fruits, choose apple, banana, pear, peach, apricot, melon. Avoid those with high acid content such as citrus, kiwi, pineapple, etc.
- Avoid consuming sugar in large quantities, as well as honey, dulce de leche, compact sweets, ice cream and sweets, since the concentration of sugars can accentuate the symptoms.
- Avoid the consumption of sodas and alcoholic beverages .
- To perform 4 to 6 meals per day, avoid skipping or spend many hours without eating.
- Avoid the consumption of gum , because they increase the intake of air through the mouth and promote abdominal distension.
- Avoid frying , prefer cooking in the oven, grill, pot, boiled, steamed, etc.
- Avoid spicy ones , prefer mild seasonings such as oregano, basil, bay leaf, etc.
- Avoid foods that produce gases, such as legumes and cabbages.
- Drinking between 6 and 8 glasses of water a day is of great importance.
Although all these measures are suitable for irritable bowel syndrome, it should be noted that each person is different and the same disease can also manifest itself differently, which is why diagnosis and treatment by the medical professional, nutritionist, is of great importance. and a psychologist or psychiatrist, as required. The important thing is, once diagnosed, to carry out a healthy diet that allows you to improve your quality of life.